Article 10 of the 1987 Constitution

There is a separate article on local government (Article 10) under the 1987 Constitution that is more extensive than its counterpart in the 1973 Constitution.

Article 10 has the following very important provisions:

1. Creation of autonomous regions in Muslim Mindanao and the Cordillera.

  • Enactment of a local government code (Sec. 3)

2. Granting to LGUs the power to create their own sources of revenue and to levy taxes, fees, and charges.

3. Providing local governments with a just share of the national taxes which shall be automatically released to them.

4. Entitling local governments to an equitable share in the proceeds of the utilization and development of the national wealth within their respective areas.

  • Sectoral representation in legislative bodies of local governments

5. Providing for regional development councils or other similar bodies composed of local government officials, regional heads of departments and other government offices, and representatives from NGOs within the region for purposes of administrative decentralization to strengthen the autonomy of the units thereon and to accelerate the economic and social growth and development of the units in the region.


Conceptualized by: Dr. Maria Ela Atienza (Professor and Chair), Asst. Prof. Jan Robert Go (Assistant Professor), and Herby Jireh Esmeralda (Research Assistant)

SOURCE

Atienza, Maria Ela. “Local Governments and Devolution in the Philippines.” In Philippine Politics and Governance, edited by Noel Morada and Teresa Encarnacion Tadem, 425. Quezon City: Department of Political Science, University of the Philippines Diliman, 2006.

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